Readings

Readings are also listed by session.

Readings

All students are responsible for the Readings. Graduate students have additional readings.

Required Texts

Buy at Amazon Deutch, John M., James R. Schlesinger, and David G. Victor. National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependency: Report of an Independent Task Force. New York, NY: Council on Foreign Relations, 2006. ISBN: 9780876093658.

Buy at Amazon Crandall, Maureen. Energy, Economics, and Politics in the Caspian Region: Dreams and Realities. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2006. ISBN: 9780275991302.

Buy at Amazon Marcel, Valerie. Oil Titans: National Oil Companies in the Middle East. Baltimore, MD: Brookings Institution Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780815754732.

Buy at Amazon Parra, Francisco. Oil Politics: A Modern History of Petroleum. New York, NY: I.B. Tauris, 2004. ISBN: 9781860649776.

Buy at Amazon Victor, David, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes, eds. Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

Buy at Amazon Weintraub, Sidney, Annette Hester, Veronica R Prado, and Luis Alberto Moreno, eds. Energy Cooperation in the Western Hemisphere: Benefits and Impediments. Washington, DC: The CSIS Press, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2007. ISBN: 9780892064885.

Additional on-line readings are assigned in the table below.

Readings by Session

WEEK # TOPICS READINGS
1 Introduction to course

Buy at Amazon Marcel, Valerie. Oil Titans: National Oil Companies in the Middle East. Baltimore, MD: Brookings Institution Press, 2006, pp. 14-53. ISBN: 9780815754732.

Buy at Amazon Parra, Francisco. Oil Politics: A Modern History of Petroleum. New York, NY: I.B. Tauris, 2004, pp. 6-67. ISBN: 9781860649776.

Additional readings for graduate students

Buy at Amazon Yergin, Daniel. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power. New York, NY: Free Press, 2003. ISBN: 9780671799328.

2 The global energy industry - companies and governments; markets and politics

Buy at Amazon Parra, Francisco. Oil Politics: A Modern History of Petroleum. New York, NY: I.B. Tauris, 2004, pp. 68-275. ISBN: 9781860649776.

Additional readings for graduate students

For development of a typology for comparing national frameworks regulating the production and marketing of oil and natural gas.

Smith, Ernest, and John Dzienkowski. "A Fifty-Year Perspective on World Petroleum Arrangements." Texas International Law Journal 24, no. 1 (1989).

3 The global energy balance - present status, future trends, and strategic responses

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2006

Leverett, Flynt, and Pierre Noel. "The New Axis of Oil." The National Interest (July 2006).

Buy at Amazon Barnes, Joe, Mark Hayes, Amy Jaffe, and David Victor. "Introduction to the Study." In Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. Edited by David Victor, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

Additional readings for graduate students

To provide an overview of the problems and uncertainties involved in estimating future production of oil and natural gas and assessing the impact of geopolitical factors on production levels.

Buy at Amazon Cordesman, Anthony, and Khalid al-Rodhan. The Global Oil Market: Risks and Uncertainties. Washington, DC: CSIS Press (Center for Strategic and International Studies), 2006. ISBN: 9780892064793.

4 Markets, cartels, and consumers - resource nationalism and resource mercantilism

Buy at Amazon Parra, Francisco. Oil Politics: A Modern History of Petroleum. New York, NY: I.B. Tauris, 2004, pp. 276-347. ISBN: 9781860649776.

Buy at Amazon Hartey, Peter, and Kenneth Medlock. "Political and Economic Influences on the Future World Market for Natural Gas." In Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. Edited by David Victor, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

Additional readings for graduate students

To introduce methodological problems involved in forecasting the global balance of supply and demand for crude oil and natural gas.

World Energy Model (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Buy at Amazon Hartley, Peter, and Kenneth Medlock. "The Baker Institute World Gas Trade Model." In Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. Edited by David Victor, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

5 Resource nationalism and market power (I) - OPEC and the challenges

Energy Information Administration, Country Analysis Brief: Saudi Arabia.

Buy at Amazon Marcel, Valerie. Oil Titans: National Oil Companies in the Middle East. Baltimore, MD: Brookings Institution Press, 2006, pp. 54-105. ISBN: 9780815754732.

Additional readings for graduate students

To relate OPEC's historical experience in trying to coordinate production decisions among major oil producers to theoretical issues in the study of international political economy-primarily collective action and international cooperation.

Blaydes, Lisa. "Rewarding Impatience: A Bargaining and Enforcement Model of OPEC." International Organization 58, no. 2 (April 2004): 213-237.

6 Resource nationalism and market power (II) - Iran, Iraq, and the future of hydrocarbon production in the Persian Gulf

Energy Information Administration, Country Analysis Brief: Iran.

Energy Information Administration, Country Analysis Brief: Iraq.

Buy at Amazon Crandall, Maureen. Energy, Economics, and Politics in the Caspian Region: Dreams and Realities. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2006, pp. 107-118. ISBN: 9780275991302.

Buy at Amazon Marcel, Valerie. Oil Titans: National Oil Companies in the Middle East. Baltimore, MD: Brookings Institution Press, 2006, pp. 106-223. ISBN: 9780815754732.

Additional readings for graduate students

To look at the energy dimensions of regional security dynamics in the Persian Gulf.

McMillan, Joseph. "Saudi Arabia and Iraq: Oil, Religion, and an Enduring Rivalry." United States Institute of Peace Special Report, no. 157 (January 2006): 1-16.

7 Resource nationalism and market power (III) - Russia, the Post-Soviet Space, and Europe

Energy Information Administration, Country Analysis Brief: Russia.

The Brookings Institution. "The Russian Federation." The Brookings Foreign Policy Energy Security Series (October 2006): 1-33. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Buy at Amazon Crandall, Maureen. Energy, Economics, and Politics in the Caspian Region: Dreams and Realities. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2006, pp. 118-135. ISBN: 9780275991302.

Buy at Amazon Hayes, Mark. "The Transmed and Maghreb Projects: Gas to Europe from North Africa." In Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. Edited by David Victor, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

Buy at Amazon Victor, Nadejda, and David Victor. "Bypassing Ukraine: Exporting Russian Gas to Poland and Germany." In Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. Edited by David Victor, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

Additional readings for graduate students

To delve deeply into Russian energy policy and to relate Putin's use of the energy "weapon" to broader analytic questions about Russian foreign policy.

Larsson, Robert. Russia's Energy Policy: Security Dimensions and Russia's Reliability as an Energy Supplier. Stockholm, Sweden: Swedish Defense Research Institute, March 2006. ISBN: 1650-1942. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.6MB)

8 Resource nationalism and market power (IV) - Russia and Asia

Buy at Amazon Crandall, Maureen. Energy, Economics, and Politics in the Caspian Region: Dreams and Realities. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2006, pp. 9-54. ISBN: 9780275991302.

Buy at Amazon Jaffe, Amy, and Ronald Soligo. "Market Structure in the New Gas Economy: Is Cartelization Possible?" In Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. Edited by David Victor, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

Additional readings for graduate students

To relate Russian energy and foreign policy to theoretical questions about "soft balancing" in international relations.

Pape, Robert. "Soft Balancing Against the United States." International Security 30, no. 1 (Summer 2005): 7-45.

Paul, T. V. "Soft Balancing in the Age of U.S. Primacy." International Security 30, no. 1 (Summer 2005): 46-71.

Brooks, Stephen, and William Wohlforth. "Hard Times for Soft Balancing." International Security 30, no. 1 (Summer 2005): 72-108.

Lieber, Keir, and Gerard Alexander. "Waiting for Balancing: Why the World is not Pushing Back." International Security 30, no. 1 (Summer 2005): 109-139.

9 Resource mercantilism - China, India, and Japan

Lieberthal, Kenneth, and Mikkal Herberg. "China's Search for Energy Security: Implications for U.S. Policy." NBR Analysis 17, no. 1 (April 2006): 1-54. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Buy at Amazon Crandall, Maureen. Energy, Economics, and Politics in the Caspian Region: Dreams and Realities. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2006, pp. 138-149. ISBN: 9780275991302.

Buy at Amazon Hashimoto, Kohei, Jareer Elass, and Stacy Eller. "Liquified Natural Gas from Qatar: The Qatargas Project." In Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. Edited by David Victor, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

Additional readings for graduate students

To explore alternative analytical frameworks for understanding the international behavior of national energy companies from emerging market states in Asia and these companies' relations with their national governments.

Leverett, Flynt. "Resource Mercantilism and Future of Global Energy Governance." (Unpublished paper).

10

Energy battlegrounds (I) - energy and regional security in East Asia

The international energy agency and the future of consumer cooperation

New prospects for producer-consumer cooperation

Lewis, Stephen. "Energy Security in Northeast Asia: The Potential for Cooperation Among the Major Energy Consuming Economies of China, Japan, and the United States." In International Conference on Energy Security: Implications for U.S.-China-Middle East Relations, July 18, 2005, Shanghai, China. Houston, TX: James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, 2005, pp. 1-17. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Leverett, Flynt, and Jeffrey Bader. "Managing China-U.S. Energy Competition in the Middle East." Washington Quarterly 29, no. 1 (Winter 2005-2006): 187-201. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Friedberg, Aaron. "'Going Out': China's Pursuit of Natural Resources and Implications for the PRC's Grand Strategy." NBR Analysis 17, no. 3 (September 2006): 1-40. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Additional readings for graduate students

To relate China's external energy strategy to broader analytic questions in the study of Chinese foreign policy and theoretical discussions of regional security dynamics in Asia.

Friedberg, Aaron. "The Future of U.S.-China Relations: Is Conflict Inevitable?" International Security 30, no. 2 (Fall 2005): 7-45.

Christensen, Thomas. "Fostering Stability or Creating a Monster? The Rise of China and U.S. Policy Toward East Asia." International Security 31, no. 1 (Summer 2006): 81-126.

11 Energy battlegrounds (II) - Central Asia, the Caspian Basin, and Iran

Energy Information Administration, Country Analysis Brief: Caspian Sea Region.

Buy at Amazon Crandall, Maureen. Energy, Economics, and Politics in the Caspian Region: Dreams and Realities. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2006, pp. 55-107 and 149-169. ISBN: 9780275991302.

Buy at Amazon Olcott, Martha Brill. "International gas Trade in Central Asia: Turkmenistan, Iran, Russia, and Afghanistan." In Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. Edited by David Victor, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

Additional readings for graduate students

To delve into the practical problems and theoretical issues associated with consumer cooperation and producer-consumer cooperation in global energy markets.

Mitchell, John. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Producer-Consumer Dialogue: What Can Energy Ministers Say to One Another? (PDF - 1.5MB). London, UK: Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs), November 2005, pp. 1-33.

Panova, Victoria. "Explaining Compliance with International Energy Commitments: The G-8 and the IEA." (Unpublished paper).

12 Energy battlegrounds (III) - the United States, Canada, and Latin America

Buy at Amazon Weintraub, Sidney, Annette Hester, Veronica R Prado, and Luis Alberto Moreno, eds. Energy Cooperation in the Western Hemisphere: Benefits and Impediments. Washington, DC: The CSIS Press, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2007. ISBN: 9780892064885.

Buy at Amazon Mares, David. "Natural Gas Pipelines in the Southern Cone." In Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970 to 2040. Edited by David Victor, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780521865036.

Additional readings for graduate students

To focus on the historical role of energy security concerns in U.S. foreign policy and the difficult choices that ongoing trends may force on current and future policymakers.

Leverett, Flynt. (Unpublished manuscript).

13 The geopolitics of energy and U.S. foreign policy - managing energy interdependence

Buy at Amazon Deutch, John M., James R. Schlesinger, and David G. Victor. National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependency: Report of an Independent Task Force. New York, NY: Council on Foreign Relations, 2006. ISBN: 9780876093658.

14 The geoeconomics of energy and U.S. foreign policy - energy, currency, and the future of America's global leadership